Fashion Design

AJAX progress indicator
  • a

  • Abrasion
    The friction or rubbing of two materials in contact with each other. Can cause a wearing away/wearing down of fibres/materials.in The Fit Form
  • Aesthetic Approvers
    The individual or team responsible for approving aesthetic fit usually designers, buyers or merchandisers.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Aesthetic Fit
    Aesthetic fit is typically owned by the designer, buyer or merchandiser and reflects how they think the garment should look or be worn. It is a most subjective element of fit intent.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Ankle Tape
    A fabric tape marking the circumference and placement of the ankle on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Artwork Placement
    Positioning or placing a graphic or artwork at a particular spot on a garment.in The Fit Form
  • Asymmetrical
    A term used to decribe the fact that a human body is not exactly the same if viewed side to side or front to back in terms of shape and balance.in Mechanics of Fit
  • AVF Number
    The AVF number is unique to each individual fit form, and this is the number that will be marked on the accessories that belong to the form, such as head, hands and feet.in The Fit Form
  • b

  • Blocks
    An unchanging base pattern for measurements and balance.in Mechanics of Fit
  • BMI (Body Mass Index)
    A weight-to-height ratio, calculated by dividing one's weight (in kilograms) by the square of one's height (in meters). Used as an indicator of obesity and underweight.in The Fit Form
  • Bust
    The point on a womans body measured across the fullest part of her breasts.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Bust Mark
    A hash mark (line) on the fit form marking the placement of bust on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • c

  • Calf Mark
    A hash mark (line) on the fit form marking the placement of calf on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Centre Back Seam (CB)
    A sewn seam marking the centre of the back of the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Centre Front Seam (CF)
    A sewn seam marking the centre of the front of the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Certificate of Completion
    A document certifying the succesful completion of a specified course of study.in The Fit Form
  • Commercial Fit
    Commercial fit is achieved when a brand delivers a fit intent which is both technically and aesthetically aligned to their target customers expectations.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Core Size Standard
    A representation (physical or virtual) of a human body that has been designated as the standard for a brand. Core size means that the standard is at or near the middle of the size range of products that a brand sells.in The Fit Form
  • Crotch Point
    The point on a human body where the top of the leg intersects the bottom of the torso, between the legs.in The Fit Form
  • Cuffs
    The cuff is the end part of a sleeve around the wrist area.in Mechanics of Fit
  • d

  • Darts
    Darts are folds which narrow to a point and are sewn into fabric to provide ease and provide shape to a garment.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Drag
    Drag is the effect created in a garment indicating a fit issue and resulting in the fabric being pulled during fitting.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Drape
    How a fabric falls or hangs from a person or dress form.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Dummy
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for fit form or mannequin.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • e

  • Ease Over Body
    The difference between the garment and body measures which defines if a garment is fitted, loose or oversized.in Mechanics of Fit Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops The Fit Form
  • Essential Fit Characteristics
    Fit characteristics which are defined by who the garment is intended for (consumer) and how it is intended to fit.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Evaluating Garment Fit
    The process of determining how well a garment fits a body or fit form in terms of proportion, ease over body and balance.in The Fit Form
  • f

  • Fiberglass Form
    A traditional AlvaForm with a fibreglass shell and covered in two layers of cotton with an outer covering of linen. It is suited to more frequent fit sessions.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Attribute
    A fit characteristic or inherent part of fit, i.e. balance, proportion, construction.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Buckets
    Descriptions to differentiate between different amounts of ease built into a garment i.e. fitted, loose, oversized.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Evaluation
    The process of determining how well a garment fits a body or fit form in terms of proportion, ease over body and balance. Also includes an evaluation of trims, construction, safety and quality standards.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Form
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for mannequin, dummy or dress form.in 3D Transformation Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops The Fit Form
  • Fit Form Evaluation
    A fit evaluation performed on a fit form rather than a live model.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Intent
    How a garment was designed or envisioned to fit a person in terms of silhouette and proportion.in Mechanics of Fit Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops The Fit Form
  • Fit Iteration
    Number of sequential samples created for fit/construction evaluation.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Model Evaluation
    A fit evaluation performed on a fit model rather than a fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Flat Measurement Evaluation
    The process of laying a garment on a flat surface and measuring it using standard Points of Measure.in The Fit Form
  • Fluctuate
    The tendency of the human body to change.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Form Features
    The characteristics of a particular fit form. i.e. collapsible shoulders, head, feet, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Form Landmarks
    Physcial markings on a fit form marking things like the bust point, height and location of the calf, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Full Body Form
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard from the neck to the feet or ankles that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Ideal for longer garments such as dresses.in The Fit Form
  • g

  • Garment Approval
    The decision made to move a garment in the product development process forward into the pre-production phase (the final stages of preparation before manufacturing).in The Fit Form
  • Garment Balance
    A term used to decribe a garment hanging symmetrically left to right and front to back, with side seams and/or inseams perpendicular to the floor.in The Fit Form
  • Garment Construction
    The overall manufacturing standard in terms of seaming, components and finish which can affect the look and quality of the garment.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Garment Fit
    A term used to describe a garment in terms of balance, proportion, construction, ease over body, comfort and range of movement.in The Fit Form
  • Garment Validation
    The process undertaken to assess a garment across a size range, taking into consideration fit, styling and construction details.in The Fit Form
  • Grade Rules
    Mathematical increments which determine the sizing difference between a core size and bigger or smaller sizes. A well thought out set of rules ensures each size across a given size range fits consistently.in 3D Transformation Mechanics of Fit
  • Graded Set
    A set of sample garments representing each size in a size range .in The Fit Form
  • Graded Size Range
    A core size and set of other sizes which are either larger or smaller. Can be a set of patterns or garments or both.in The Fit Form
  • Grading
    The process of applying grade increments to pattern pieces in the x and y directions to make a garment pattern either larger or smaller than the core size.in 3D Transformation Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Grading Validation
    The process of assessing whether the grade increments applied to a pattern and made into a garment replicate the fit intent of the core size.in The Fit Form
  • h

  • Half Form
    The half body form is an industrial tool representing a portion of the body e.g. torso or bottom half only. Ideal for fitting tops or trousers, as it does not need to be lifted to put on or remove the garment.in The Fit Form
  • Hash Mark
    Line running perpendicular on the fit form to mark a key measurement point.in The Fit Form
  • Hiking
    The lifting of a garment during fitting which can indicate a fit issue relating to shaping, measurements or balance.in Mechanics of Fit
  • HTM (How to Measure)
    How to Measure (HTM) is a description of exactly how teams should take a particular measurement. Each POM (Point of Measure) will have a corresponding HTM, to ensure evaluations are always done in a consistent, effective way.in Mechanics of Fit
  • i

  • Increments
    Units of measure on a fixed scale associated with sizing.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Inseam Balance
    Inseam hanging perpendicular to the floor.in The Fit Form
  • Iterations
    The process of repeating an activity in the fit process usually associated with samples.in Mechanics of Fit
  • j

  • Jump Size Form
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is either larger or smaller than the core size, intended to be used primarily to assess fit integrity across the size range.in The Fit Form
  • Jump Size Forms
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is either larger or smaller than the core size, intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process.in The Fit Form
  • k

  • Knee Mark
    A small hashmark (line) marking the circumference and placement of the knee on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Knit
    A fabric structure produced from a series of interlocking loops, designed to stretch and offer comfort in wear.in Mechanics of Fit
  • l

  • Landmark
    A small hashmark marking the circumference and placement of a point on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Linear Grades
    Increments which get bigger and smaller by equal amounts throughout the same range, assuming the same body proportions for each size.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Linen
    Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant. The long fibers used in textiles are located on the outer part of the stalk, which covers a woody core. To generate the longest possible fibers, flax is either hand-harvested by pulling up the entire plant or stalks are cut very close to the root.in Sustainability in Fashion The Fit Form
  • m

  • Mannequin
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for fit form or dummy.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Markers
    Paper printed with garment pattern pieces used as a template for the cutting of fabric.in The Fit Form
  • Model Try-On
    The process of the live model fitting garments.in Mechanics of Fit
  • n

  • Neck Pin
    A metal pin marking the intersection of the centre of the body and the neck base.in The Fit Form
  • Nonlinear Grades
    Increments which reflect the natural growth of a human body and maintain the fit intent across the size range.in Mechanics of Fit
  • p

  • Pattern-Making
    The process of making a pattern.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Pegs
    Vertical metal bars at the base of the fit form that can be inserted into the holes in the base of the legs of a fit form to hold the form upright, when fitting garments such as dresses.in The Fit Form
  • Periodically Check Grading
    Assessing whether the grade increments applied to a pattern and made into a garment replicate the fit intent of the core size from time to time.in The Fit Form
  • Personal Fit
    Wearing preference of the consumer which differs from individual to individual.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Points of Measure (POM)
    A specific place on a garment to start and end a measurement.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Production Cycle
    A period of time in which multiples of a garment are produced in a factory setting.in The Fit Form
  • Proto Request
    Request for an initial sample.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Prototype
    The initial sample either made from a design brief or concept and based on a tech pack or selected from a vendor.in 3D Transformation Mechanics of Fit
  • q

  • Quality Control
    Reviewing finished production garments to assess whether they meet the specification contract in terms of quality, colour, measurements, etc.in The Fit Form
  • s

  • Sample Iteration
    Rounds of samples created for fit/construction or design evaluation.in The Fit Form
  • Seam
    The point at which two pieces of fabric join in a garment.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Sign-Off Sample
    The final sample signed off during the commercialisation process.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Silhouette
    The overall type of design and proportion of a garment.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Size Set
    A core size and set of other sizes of garments.in The Fit Form
  • Size Studies
    Studies which are conducted to determine the size, shape and stature of a given population of humans.in The Fit Form
  • Slack Form
    The slack form is best for fitting pants as it allows more height adjustment, making it easier to evaluate pants at eye level.in The Fit Form
  • Soft Body Form
    This form is made of memory foam and covered in a stretch fabric. It is more lifelike than the fibreglass form i.e. designed to simulate flesh and ideal for close fitting garments such as sportswear, skinny jeans.in The Fit Form
  • Standard Series Form
    A standard series form is based on either US/EU/Asia average demographics rather than customised for your particular brand and consumer.in The Fit Form
  • Stature
    Usually refers to the natural height of a person when standing.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Stitches Per Inch (SPI)
    A unit of measure used to determine the technical specification of stitching/seaming which affects both the look and functionality of the garment.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Styling
    Design features or attributes which determine the look of garment i.e. proportion, pockets, yoke, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Suprasternal Notch
    The intersection of the centre of the body and the neck base.in The Fit Form
  • Swim Form
    This full torso soft form is designed specifically for fitting bras, panties/briefs and 1 and 2-pieces swimwear with a widened crotch for ease of evaluation and a specific breast material that better represent the texture of breasts than the soft form material.in The Fit Form
  • t

  • Tech Packs
    Detailed specifications including specific measurements, block references and technical details which are issued to a vendor or supplier as a guideline for sample development.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Technical Approver
    The individual or team responsible for approving technical fit usually product developers or technicians.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Technical Fit
    Technical fit determines how the garment should be made including the balance, function, sizing and comfort.in Mechanics of Fit The Fit Form
  • Thigh Mark
    A hash mark on the fit form marking the placement of thigh at its fullest point on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Twill Tape
    A narrow fabric trim made in a diagonal herringbone weave.in The Fit Form
  • v

  • VBID Number
    VBID stands for Virtual Body IDentification Number. It is the model number for the physical and virtual Alva fit forms that are created from a single unique 3D file. The information contained in the number is a 3 letter client code, gender, size, and month & year that the file was created.in The Fit Form
  • Vendors
    Factories, producers or suppliers of garments.in The Fit Form
  • w

  • Wearing Preference
    How the customer prefers to wear the garment which can be determined by choice, function or culture.in Mechanics of Fit
  • y

  • Yield
    The amount of fabric required to make a garment. Can also be described as consumption and is expressed in metres or yards.in Mechanics of Fit