The friction or rubbing of two materials in contact with each other. Can cause a wearing away/wearing down of fibres/materials.
- Aesthetic Approvers
The individual or team responsible for approving aesthetic fit usually designers, buyers or merchandisers.
- Aesthetic Fit
Aesthetic fit is typically owned by the designer, buyer or merchandiser and reflects how they think the garment should look or be worn. It is a most subjective element of fit intent.
- Ankle Tape
A fabric tape marking the circumference and placement of the ankle on the fit form.
- Artwork Placement
Positioning or placing a graphic or artwork at a particular spot on a garment.
A term used to decribe the fact that a human body is not exactly the same if viewed side to side or front to back in terms of shape and balance.
- AVF Number
The AVF number is unique to each individual fit form, and this is the number that will be marked on the accessories that belong to the form, such as head, hands and feet.
An unchanging base pattern for measurements and balance.
- BMI (Body Mass Index)
A weight-to-height ratio, calculated by dividing one's weight (in kilograms) by the square of one's height (in meters). Used as an indicator of obesity and underweight.
The point on a womans body measured across the fullest part of her breasts.
- Bust Mark
A hash mark (line) on the fit form marking the placement of bust on the fit form.
- Calf Mark
A hash mark (line) on the fit form marking the placement of calf on the fit form.
- Centre Back Seam (CB)
A sewn seam marking the centre of the back of the fit form.
- Centre Front Seam (CF)
A sewn seam marking the centre of the front of the fit form.
- Certificate of Completion
A document certifying the succesful completion of a specified course of study.
- Commercial Fit
Commercial fit is achieved when a brand delivers a fit intent which is both technically and aesthetically aligned to their target customers expectations.
- Core Size Standard
A representation (physical or virtual) of a human body that has been designated as the standard for a brand. Core size means that the standard is at or near the middle of the size range of products that a brand sells.
- Crotch Point
The point on a human body where the top of the leg intersects the bottom of the torso, between the legs.
The cuff is the end part of a sleeve around the wrist area.
Darts are folds which narrow to a point and are sewn into fabric to provide ease and provide shape to a garment.
Drag is the effect created in a garment indicating a fit issue and resulting in the fabric being pulled during fitting.
How a fabric falls or hangs from a person or dress form.
An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for fit form or mannequin.
- Ease Over Body
The difference between the garment and body measures which defines if a garment is fitted, loose or oversized.
- Essential Fit Characteristics
Fit characteristics which are defined by who the garment is intended for (consumer) and how it is intended to fit.
- Evaluating Garment Fit
The process of determining how well a garment fits a body or fit form in terms of proportion, ease over body and balance.
- Fiberglass Form
A traditional AlvaForm with a fibreglass shell and covered in two layers of cotton with an outer covering of linen. It is suited to more frequent fit sessions.
- Fit Attribute
A fit characteristic or inherent part of fit, i.e. balance, proportion, construction.
- Fit Buckets
Descriptions to differentiate between different amounts of ease built into a garment i.e. fitted, loose, oversized.
- Fit Evaluation
The process of determining how well a garment fits a body or fit form in terms of proportion, ease over body and balance. Also includes an evaluation of trims, construction, safety and quality standards.
- Fit Form
An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for mannequin, dummy or dress form.
- Fit Form Evaluation
A fit evaluation performed on a fit form rather than a live model.
- Fit Intent
How a garment was designed or envisioned to fit a person in terms of silhouette and proportion.
- Fit Iteration
Number of sequential samples created for fit/construction evaluation.
- Fit Model Evaluation
A fit evaluation performed on a fit model rather than a fit form.
- Flat Measurement Evaluation
The process of laying a garment on a flat surface and measuring it using standard Points of Measure.
The tendency of the human body to change.
- Form Features
The characteristics of a particular fit form. i.e. collapsible shoulders, head, feet, etc.
- Form Landmarks
Physcial markings on a fit form marking things like the bust point, height and location of the calf, etc.
- Full Body Form
An industrial tool representing a human body standard from the neck to the feet or ankles that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Ideal for longer garments such as dresses.
- Garment Approval
The decision made to move a garment in the product development process forward into the pre-production phase (the final stages of preparation before manufacturing).
- Garment Balance
A term used to describe a garment hanging symmetrically left to right and front to back, with side seams and/or inseams perpendicular to the floor.
- Garment Construction
The overall manufacturing standard in terms of seaming, components and finish which can affect the look and quality of the garment.
- Garment Fit
A term used to describe a garment in terms of balance, proportion, construction, ease over body, comfort and range of movement.
- Garment Validation
The process undertaken to assess a garment across a size range, taking into consideration fit, styling and construction details.
- Grade Rules
Mathematical increments which determine the sizing difference between a core size and bigger or smaller sizes. A well thought out set of rules ensures each size across a given size range fits consistently.
- Graded Set
A set of sample garments representing each size in a size range .
- Graded Size Range
A core size and set of other sizes which are either larger or smaller. Can be a set of patterns or garments or both.
The process of applying grade increments to pattern pieces in the x and y directions to make a garment pattern either larger or smaller than the core size.
- Grading Validation
The process of assessing whether the grade increments applied to a pattern and made into a garment replicate the fit intent of the core size.
- Half Form
The half body form is an industrial tool representing a portion of the body e.g. torso or bottom half only. Ideal for fitting tops or trousers, as it does not need to be lifted to put on or remove the garment.
- Hash Mark
Line running perpendicular on the fit form to mark a key measurement point.
The lifting of a garment during fitting which can indicate a fit issue relating to shaping, measurements or balance.
- HTM (How to Measure)
How to Measure (HTM) is a description of exactly how teams should take a particular measurement. Each POM (Point of Measure) will have a corresponding HTM, to ensure evaluations are always done in a consistent, effective way.
Units of measure on a fixed scale associated with sizing.
- Inseam Balance
Inseam hanging perpendicular to the floor.
The process of repeating an activity in the fit process usually associated with samples.
- Jump Size Form
An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is either larger or smaller than the core size, intended to be used primarily to assess fit integrity across the size range.
- Jump Size Forms
An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is either larger or smaller than the core size, intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process.
- Knee Mark
A small hashmark (line) marking the circumference and placement of the knee on the fit form.
A fabric structure produced from a series of interlocking loops, designed to stretch and offer comfort in wear.
A small hashmark marking the circumference and placement of a point on the fit form.
- Linear Grades
Increments which get bigger and smaller by equal amounts throughout the same range, assuming the same body proportions for each size.
Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant. The long fibers used in textiles are located on the outer part of the stalk, which covers a woody core. To generate the longest possible fibers, flax is either hand-harvested by pulling up the entire plant or stalks are cut very close to the root.
An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for fit form or dummy.
Paper printed with garment pattern pieces used as a template for the cutting of fabric.
- Model Try-On
The process of the live model fitting garments.
- Neck Pin
A metal pin marking the intersection of the centre of the body and the neck base.
- Nonlinear Grades
Increments which reflect the natural growth of a human body and maintain the fit intent across the size range.
The process of making a pattern.
Vertical metal bars at the base of the fit form that can be inserted into the holes in the base of the legs of a fit form to hold the form upright, when fitting garments such as dresses.
- Periodically Check Grading
Assessing whether the grade increments applied to a pattern and made into a garment replicate the fit intent of the core size from time to time.
- Personal Fit
Wearing preference of the consumer which differs from individual to individual.
- Points of Measure (POM)
A specific place on a garment to start and end a measurement.
- Production Cycle
A period of time in which multiples of a garment are produced in a factory setting.
- Proto Request
Request for an initial sample.
The initial sample either made from a design brief or concept and based on a tech pack or selected from a vendor.
- Quality Control
Reviewing finished production garments to assess whether they meet the specification contract in terms of quality, colour, measurements, etc.
- Sample Iteration
Rounds of samples created for fit/construction or design evaluation.
The point at which two pieces of fabric join in a garment.
- Sign-Off Sample
The final sample signed off during the commercialisation process.
The overall type of design and proportion of a garment.
- Size Set
A core size and set of other sizes of garments.
- Size Studies
Studies which are conducted to determine the size, shape and stature of a given population of humans.
- Slack Form
The slack form is best for fitting pants as it allows more height adjustment, making it easier to evaluate pants at eye level.
- Soft Body Form
This form is made of memory foam and covered in a stretch fabric. It is more lifelike than the fibreglass form i.e. designed to simulate flesh and ideal for close fitting garments such as sportswear, skinny jeans.
- Standard Series Form
A standard series form is based on either US/EU/Asia average demographics rather than customised for your particular brand and consumer.
Usually refers to the natural height of a person when standing.
- Stitches Per Inch (SPI)
A unit of measure used to determine the technical specification of stitching/seaming which affects both the look and functionality of the garment.
Design features or attributes which determine the look of garment i.e. proportion, pockets, yoke, etc.
- Suprasternal Notch
The intersection of the centre of the body and the neck base.
- Swim Form
This full torso soft form is designed specifically for fitting bras, panties/briefs and 1 and 2-pieces swimwear with a widened crotch for ease of evaluation and a specific breast material that better represent the texture of breasts than the soft form material.
- Tech Packs
Detailed specifications including specific measurements, block references and technical details which are issued to a vendor or supplier as a guideline for sample development.
- Technical Approver
The individual or team responsible for approving technical fit usually product developers or technicians.
- Technical Fit
Technical fit determines how the garment should be made including the balance, function, sizing and comfort.
- Thigh Mark
A hash mark on the fit form marking the placement of thigh at its fullest point on the fit form.
- Twill Tape
A narrow fabric trim made in a diagonal herringbone weave.
- VBID Number
VBID stands for Virtual Body IDentification Number. It is the model number for the physical and virtual Alva fit forms that are created from a single unique 3D file. The information contained in the number is a 3 letter client code, gender, size, and month & year that the file was created.
Factories, producers or suppliers of garments.
- Wearing Preference
How the customer prefers to wear the garment which can be determined by choice, function or culture.
The amount of fabric required to make a garment. Can also be described as consumption and is expressed in metres or yards.