Fashion Design

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  • 2

  • 2D CAD Tools
    2D Computer Aided Design tools are conventional illustration and graphics rendering software, like Adobe Illustrator, NedGraphics, etc.in 3D Transformation
  • 2D Patternmaking Tools
    Conventional pattern and marker making software, like Gerber, Lectra, etc.in 3D Transformation
  • 2D Window
    The 2D window is a 2D area where it is possible to design patterns, set seamlines, and edit fabric textures.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • 3

  • 3D Drawing
    Creating a sketch or garment pattern with 3D software tools that automatically renders a 3D style on an avatar.in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Garment Layering Visualisation
    A 3D software’s ability to render multiple styles, worn layered, on the avatar.in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Graphic Interface
    A 3D software’s ability to communicate with other design and graphic software programs.in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Pattern Making Tools
    A 3D software’s integrated technical tools to alter and create garment patterns.in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Rendering
    3D rendering is the creative process of producing an image based on three-dimensional data stored within a computer.in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Sales
    A 3D software’s ability to use merchandising tools as a two-way, order-taking tool whereby multiple stakeholders can receive quantitative and qualitative feedback automatically from the platform.in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Showcase Tools
    A 3D software’s ability deliver digital style assets in different settings, backgrounds, and positions (i.e. folded, layered, on hangers, etc).in 3D Transformation
  • 3D Strategy
    A plan of action designed to achieve a long-term goal which involves implementing 3D solutions.in 3D Transformation
  • a

  • A-line
    An A-line skirt is a skirt that is fitted at the hips and gradually widens towards the hem, giving the impression of the shape of a capital letter A.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Abrasion
    The friction or rubbing of two materials in contact with each other. Can cause a wearing away/wearing down of fibres/materials.in The Fit Form
  • Activate
    Activated patterns becomes simulation in the 3D window. When you deactivate, you need to activate again.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Aesthetic Approvers
    The individual or team responsible for approving aesthetic fit usually designers, buyers or merchandisers.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Aesthetic Fit
    Aesthetic fit is typically owned by the designer, buyer or merchandiser and reflects how they think the garment should look or be worn. It is a most subjective element of fit intent.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Aesthetic Pinning
    Aesthetic pinning it’s a look at the desired ‘end state’ when corrections are made; it is NOT how the fit adjustment would actually be executed.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Ankle Tape
    A fabric tape marking the circumference and placement of the ankle on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • API
    In computer programming, an application programming interface is a set of subroutine definitions, communication protocols, and tools for building software.in 3D Transformation
  • Arrangement points
    When symmetric patterns are placed on symmetric arrangement points, their pairs are arranged automatically on the symmetric arrangement points.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Artwork Placement
    Positioning or placing a graphic or artwork at a particular spot on a garment.in The Fit Form
  • Asymmetrical
    A term used to decribe the fact that a human body is not exactly the same if viewed side to side or front to back in terms of shape and balance.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Automated / Robotic Construction Methods
    Operations which involve the use of robots or automatic machinery. Often implemented to increase productivity or quality and performance.in 3D Transformation
  • Avatar
    Generally speaking, an avatar is the computer-generated graphic rendering of a person. In the apparel world, an avatar can be used to represent a physical model of a consumer for garments to be displayed upon.in 3D Transformation, Basics in CLO 3D
  • AVF Number
    The AVF number is unique to each individual fit form, and this is the number that will be marked on the accessories that belong to the form, such as head, hands and feet.in The Fit Form
  • b

  • Bad Fit
    Product that isn't comfortable to wear and looks poorly on the wearer. It likely has: Straining wrinkles indicate tightness, not enough ease on the body. Or, loose, vertical folds can indicate too much looseness. Or, loose horizontal folds can show an area that is too long on the garment.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Base Size
    Base Size is typically the median size within a size range used during the development of a style (size Medium within an XS - XL range, for instance).in 3D Transformation, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Bias
    The bias grain of a piece of woven fabric is any grain that falls between the straight and cross grains. When the grain is at 45 degrees to its warp and weft threads it is referred to as true bias.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Bill of Materials (BOM)
    A bill of materials is the documentation which includes every element needed to produce a style within a factory. It contains details and costs for materials, trims, and construction. It can also include graded measurement charts and special instructions for manufacture e.g. quality standards.in 3D Transformation
  • Blend Modes
    Blend modes in digital image editing and computer graphics are used to determine how two layers are blended with each other.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Block
    An unchanging base pattern for measurements and balance. A block ensures fit consistency from style to style and from vendor to vendor.in 3D Transformation, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Blocks
    An unchanging base pattern for measurements and balance.in Mechanics of Fit
  • BMI (Body Mass Index)
    A weight-to-height ratio, calculated by dividing one's weight (in kilograms) by the square of one's height (in meters). Used as an indicator of obesity and underweight.in The Fit Form
  • Business as Usual (BAU)
    In the context of this training, we refer to “Business as Usual” to emphasize that while a new process/software system is being implemented, parallel processes are being conducted by members of a company to mitigate any negative impact to the current business.in 3D Transformation
  • Bust
    The point on a womans body measured across the fullest part of her breasts.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Bust Mark
    A hash mark (line) on the fit form marking the placement of bust on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • c

  • Cad Design
    Abbreviation for computer aided design, software used to create designs on screen rather than by hand.in 3D Transformation
  • Calf Mark
    A hash mark (line) on the fit form marking the placement of calf on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Centre Back Seam (CB)
    A sewn seam marking the centre of the back of the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Centre Front Seam (CF)
    A sewn seam marking the centre of the front of the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Certificate of Completion
    A document certifying the succesful completion of a specified course of study.in The Fit Form
  • CLO
    CLO is a 3D fashion design software from CLO Virtual Fashion, headquartered in Korea.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • CLO SET
    File sharing and rendering via CLO 3D Cloud.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Closed Platform
    The opposite of an open platform. This is a software system wherein the carrier or service provider has control over applications, content, and media, and restricts convenient access to non-approved applications or content.in 3D Transformation
  • Cloud
    The practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the Internet to store, manage, and process data, rather than a local server or a personal computer.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Codec
    A Codec is a software that compresses and decompresses video so it can be stored and played back. Otherwise, the file size could be too big.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Collar
    A collar is a pattern piece that goes around a neck.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Colorways
    Colorways are different color versions of the same garment. They are editable in the 'Colorways' viewer in CLO 3D.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Colour Integration
    A 3D software’s ability to maintain a relevant colour database and render accurate colour data as per physical colour tools, such as Pantone standards.in 3D Transformation
  • Colour Merchandising Tools
    A 3D software’s ability to format digitally-rendered assets into a collection or merchandising visuals for use in presentations.in 3D Transformation
  • Commercial Fit
    Commercial fit is achieved when a brand delivers a fit intent which is both technically and aesthetically aligned to their target customers expectations.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Continuous Improvement
    A process of incremental improvement which is on- going and evolving.in 3D Transformation
  • Core Body
    Core Body refers to a Brand’s description of their target consumer, expressed as dimensions on a fit form. A Base Size is created, for fit purposes, which captures the measurements, stance, and posture of the target consumer.in 3D Transformation, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Core Size Standard
    A representation (physical or virtual) of a human body that has been designated as the standard for a brand. Core size means that the standard is at or near the middle of the size range of products that a brand sells.in The Fit Form
  • Crotch Point
    The point on a human body where the top of the leg intersects the bottom of the torso, between the legs.in The Fit Form
  • Cuffs
    The cuff is the end part of a sleeve around the wrist area.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Current State
    The existing state (AS-Is) of your business and brand; the processes, organisational structure, timelines, resources, channels of distribution, consumer profile, etc.in 3D Transformation
  • Curve points
    Free curve points are on a line segment that can be added/subtracted and edited.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Curves
    A line or outline which gradually deviates from being straight for some or all of its length.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Custom Manufacturing
    Manufacturing which involves designing and engineering unique products to order and calls for fluidity throughout the entire production.in 3D Transformation
  • Customised Parametric Avatar
    A 3D software’s programmable 3D avatar that can be adjusted for measurements and posture to reflect a brand’s core consumer dimensions and posture.in 3D Transformation
  • Cut tool
    A line tool that allows one to seperate and even seperate and sew.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • d

  • Darts
    Darts are folds which narrow to a point and are sewn into fabric to provide ease and provide shape to a garment.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Deactivate
    Deactivated patterns are considered as nonexistence in the 3D window. Therefore the rest of the patterns simulate through the deactivated patterns.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Design to Pattern System Integration
    A 3D software’s ability to transfer digitally-rendered design information to external 2D pattern software.in 3D Transformation
  • Digital Transformation
    Digital transformation is the process of using digital technologies to create new — or modify existing — business processes, culture, and customer experiences to meet changing business and market requirements. This reimagining of business in the digital age is digital transformation.in 3D Transformation
  • Digitize
    Digitizing is a process to generate an image from a model by means of computer programs.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Drag
    Drag is the effect created in a garment indicating a fit issue and resulting in the fabric being pulled during fitting.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Drape
    How a fabric falls or hangs from a person or dress form.in Basics in CLO 3D, Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Drawing Exchange Format (DXF)
    DXF (Drawing Exchange Fornat or Drawing Interchange Format) is a tool developed by AutoCAD to share files with other softwares.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Dummy
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for fit form or mannequin.in Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • e

  • Ease Over Body
    The difference between the garment and body measures which defines if a garment is fitted, loose or oversized.in Mechanics of Fit, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops, The Fit Form
  • End-To-End (E2E)
    The processes involved in developing a product from creation to consumer.in 3D Transformation
  • Essential Fit Characteristics
    Fit characteristics which are defined by who the garment is intended for (consumer) and how it is intended to fit.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Evaluating Garment Fit
    The process of determining how well a garment fits a body or fit form in terms of proportion, ease over body and balance.in The Fit Form
  • External Teams
    The people that support your organisation in delivering product to the consumer e.g. sourcing partners, suppliers and factories.in 3D Transformation
  • f

  • Fabric
    Cloth produced by weaving or knitting textile fibers.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Fiberglass Form
    A traditional AlvaForm with a fibreglass shell and covered in two layers of cotton with an outer covering of linen. It is suited to more frequent fit sessions.in The Fit Form
  • File Import/Export (FBX)
    File Import/Export is a proprietary file format (.fbx) developed by Kaydara and owned by Autodesk since 2006. It is used to provide interoperability between digital content creation applications.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Fit Approval
    A proto sample that has been through an evaluation and fit process, and is determined to be ready for pre-production is referred to as 'Fit Approved' or Fit Approval Sample.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Fit Attribute
    A fit characteristic or inherent part of fit, i.e. balance, proportion, construction.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Buckets
    Descriptions to differentiate between different amounts of ease built into a garment i.e. fitted, loose, oversized.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Evaluation
    The process of determining how well a garment fits a body or fit form in terms of proportion, ease over body and balance. Also includes an evaluation of trims, construction, safety and quality standards.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Form
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for mannequin, dummy or dress form.in 3D Transformation, Basics in CLO 3D, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops, The Fit Form
  • Fit Form Evaluation
    A fit evaluation performed on a fit form rather than a live model.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Intent
    How a garment was designed or envisioned to fit a person in terms of silhouette and proportion.in Mechanics of Fit, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops, The Fit Form
  • Fit Iteration
    Number of sequential samples created for fit/construction evaluation.in The Fit Form
  • Fit Model Evaluation
    A fit evaluation performed on a fit model rather than a fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Flat Measurement Evaluation
    The process of laying a garment on a flat surface and measuring it using standard Points of Measure.in The Fit Form
  • Fluctuate
    The tendency of the human body to change.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Form Features
    The characteristics of a particular fit form. i.e. collapsible shoulders, head, feet, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Form Landmarks
    Physcial markings on a fit form marking things like the bust point, height and location of the calf, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Freeze
    A construction control function to fasten patterns like solid objects.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Full Body Form
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard from the neck to the feet or ankles that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Ideal for longer garments such as dresses.in The Fit Form
  • Future State
    The Future State (To-Be) of your business and brand, as you imagine it or what you aspire it to be.in 3D Transformation
  • g

  • Gantt Chart
    A type of bar chart that illustrates a project schedule and progress against specific milestones or activities.in 3D Transformation
  • Garment Approval
    The decision made to move a garment in the product development process forward into the pre-production phase (the final stages of preparation before manufacturing).in The Fit Form
  • Garment Balance
    A term used to describe a garment hanging symmetrically left to right and front to back, with side seams and/or inseams perpendicular to the floor.in The Fit Form
  • Garment Construction
    The overall manufacturing standard in terms of seaming, components and finish which can affect the look and quality of the garment.in Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Garment Fit
    A term used to describe a garment in terms of balance, proportion, construction, ease over body, comfort and range of movement.in The Fit Form
  • Garment Validation
    The process undertaken to assess a garment across a size range, taking into consideration fit, styling and construction details.in The Fit Form
  • Gizmo
    3 dimensional placement tool and graphical interface within the softwarein Basics in CLO 3D
  • Glitter
    Tiny pieces of sparkling material used for decoration.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Good Fit
    The garment is comfortable to wear and allows free movement to the person wearing it. ‘Comfort’ can be defined very differently depending on your age, occupation, religion, ethnicity and especially fashion trends.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Grade Rules
    Mathematical increments which determine the sizing difference between a core size and bigger or smaller sizes. A well thought out set of rules ensures each size across a given size range fits consistently.in 3D Transformation, Mechanics of Fit
  • Graded Set
    A set of sample garments representing each size in a size range .in The Fit Form
  • Graded Size Range
    A core size and set of other sizes which are either larger or smaller. Can be a set of patterns or garments or both.in The Fit Form
  • Grading
    The process of applying grade increments to pattern pieces in the x and y directions to make a garment pattern either larger or smaller than the core size.in 3D Transformation, Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Grading Validation
    The process of assessing whether the grade increments applied to a pattern and made into a garment replicate the fit intent of the core size.in The Fit Form
  • Grain
    Grain is the direction of the yarns in a fabric. The lengthwise yarns (sometimes called the warp) run parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric. The crosswise threads or yarns are called the weft.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • h

  • Half Form
    The half body form is an industrial tool representing a portion of the body e.g. torso or bottom half only. Ideal for fitting tops or trousers, as it does not need to be lifted to put on or remove the garment.in The Fit Form
  • Hard Components
    Components made from hard, rigid and tough materials.in 3D Transformation
  • Hash Mark
    Line running perpendicular on the fit form to mark a key measurement point.in The Fit Form
  • High-dynamic-range imaging (HDRI)
    Technique used in photographic imaging and films, and in ray-traced computer-generated imaging, to reproduce a greater range of luminosity than what is possible with standard digital imaging or photographic techniques.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Hiking
    The lifting of a garment during fitting which can indicate a fit issue relating to shaping, measurements or balance.in Mechanics of Fit
  • HTM (How to Measure)
    How to Measure (HTM) is a description of exactly how teams should take a particular measurement. Each POM (Point of Measure) will have a corresponding HTM, to ensure evaluations are always done in a consistent, effective way.in Mechanics of Fit
  • i

  • Increments
    Units of measure on a fixed scale associated with sizing.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Inseam Balance
    Inseam hanging perpendicular to the floor.in The Fit Form
  • Internal Teams
    The people that work directly for your organisation and are involved in delivering product to the consumer.in 3D Transformation
  • Invisible avatar
    Avatars that are not visable but whose body shape stil defines the garment.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Iterations
    The process of repeating an activity in the fit process usually associated with samples.in Mechanics of Fit
  • j

  • Jump Size Form
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is either larger or smaller than the core size, intended to be used primarily to assess fit integrity across the size range.in The Fit Form
  • Jump Size Forms
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is either larger or smaller than the core size, intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process.in The Fit Form
  • k

  • Knee Mark
    A small hashmark (line) marking the circumference and placement of the knee on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Knit
    A fabric structure produced from a series of interlocking loops, designed to stretch and offer comfort in wear.in Mechanics of Fit
  • l

  • Lace
    A fine open fabric, typically one of cotton or silk, made by looping, twisting, or knitting thread in patterns and used especially for trimming garments.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Landmark
    A small hashmark marking the circumference and placement of a point on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Lasso
    Draging your mouse cursor around the vertices you want to select.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Layer
    A layer is a surface texture, or color information on a computer-generated fabric.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Layer maps
    Layer map is one of several maps, covering a surface and creating a simulated depth or color to a fabric.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Legacy Processes
    An old or existing method or way of working which could involve outdated technology, computer systems, or application programs.in 3D Transformation
  • Lighting
    Simulated studio lighting properties applied to final render output.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Lighting Tools
    A 3D software’s ability to render multiple lighting settings and directionality.in 3D Transformation
  • Linear Grades
    Increments which get bigger and smaller by equal amounts throughout the same range, assuming the same body proportions for each size.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Linen
    Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant. The long fibers used in textiles are located on the outer part of the stalk, which covers a woody core. To generate the longest possible fibers, flax is either hand-harvested by pulling up the entire plant or stalks are cut very close to the root.in Sustainability in Fashion, The Fit Form
  • Lines
    a long, narrow mark or band created with the pattern software.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Live Model
    A model who is very close to the Brand's Base size, in terms of body measurements, body shape and posture/stance. They are typically within the age range of the Brand's target customer.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • m

  • Manipulation
    To handle, manage, or use, especially with skill, a pattern piece or simulation.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Mannequin
    An industrial tool representing a human body standard that is intended to be used as the primary common method for garment evaluation throughout the sampling and manufacturing process. Synonym for fit form or dummy.in Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Marker System
    The software that arranges all the required pattern pieces in various sizes for a particular style prior to cutting.in 3D Transformation
  • Markers
    Paper printed with garment pattern pieces used as a template for the cutting of fabric.in Production in CLO 3D, The Fit Form
  • Material Library
    An internal reference or resource of all materials commonly used by a company which usually includes all specification details, source and pricing.in 3D Transformation
  • Material Scaling
    A 3D software’s ability to replicate physical material characteristics such as graphic / print scaling.in 3D Transformation
  • Material Scanning
    A 3D software’s ability to translate physical material properties into virtual ones.in 3D Transformation
  • Maya
    Maya is a 3D computer graphics application used to create animations.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Measurement tapes
    A simulation of a ruler, marked off in units (such as inches or centimeters) for measuring. in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Mesh
    Represents a geometric object as a set of finite triangulation for modeling.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Mesh Mapping
    A 3D software’s ability to render the material’s grain, cross-grain, or bias on a 3D avatar, based on a four-sided, two-dimensional surface.in 3D Transformation
  • Mesh pins
    Click in a vertex or a group of triangular vertexes to secure a mesh.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Mirror
    Keep a reflective copy of the contents of pattern.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Model Try-On
    The process of the live model fitting garments.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Multi-Phase Sewing Templates
    Rigid, pre-formed templates that are utilised in sequence by the operator to increase efficiency and construction accuracy in production.in 3D Transformation
  • n

  • Neck Pin
    A metal pin marking the intersection of the centre of the body and the neck base.in The Fit Form
  • Nesting
    Nesting refers to the process of laying out cutting patterns to minimize waste. It allows you to add buffer spacing or cutting ease to your patterns.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Neutral avatar
    An avatar that is portrayed in a solid colour rather than skin tones.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Nonlinear Grades
    Increments which reflect the natural growth of a human body and maintain the fit intent across the size range.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Normal
    Normal is a texture mapping technique used for faking the lighting of bumps and dentsin Production in CLO 3D
  • o

  • On-Demand Manufacturing
    The ability to manufacture product at speed and based on consumer trends.in 3D Transformation
  • Open Platform
    A term used In computing, which describes a software system which is based on open standards that allow using the software to function in other ways than the original programmer intended, without requiring modification of the source code. Using these interfaces, a third party could integrate with the platform to add functionality.in 3D Transformation
  • p

  • Pain Point
    A term used to describe a specific problem.in 3D Transformation
  • Parametric
    A set of programmable boundaries of the virtual avatar to designate body measurements, posture, positions, and motions.in 3D Transformation
  • Pattern Attributes
    Apparel industry standard pattern details that are found on production patterns and markers (seam allowances, notches, etc.).in 3D Transformation
  • Pattern halves
    Either of two equal or corresponding parts.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Pattern-Making
    The process of making a pattern.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Pattern Markings
    Pattern notches are small marks made on pieces of fabric to show how they will match up to the adjoining pattern piece.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Patternmaking
    The process of forming templates for parts of a garment which are traced onto fabric before being cut out and assembled.in 3D Transformation
  • Pegs
    Vertical metal bars at the base of the fit form that can be inserted into the holes in the base of the legs of a fit form to hold the form upright, when fitting garments such as dresses.in The Fit Form
  • Periodically Check Grading
    Assessing whether the grade increments applied to a pattern and made into a garment replicate the fit intent of the core size from time to time.in The Fit Form
  • Personal Fit
    Wearing preference of the consumer which differs from individual to individual.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Phased Approach
    An approach which is staggered in order to validate findings before full implementation.in 3D Transformation
  • Pins
    Pins are created on the vertex of the selected area that remain in place until deleted.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Placement dots
    Placement dots are dots within an arrangement point layout for 'placing' your pattern piece.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Plus Size
    Plus size garments are products that are proportionally larger to cover a bigger woman’s body measurement. This size range is sometimes referred to as ‘Extended Sizing’. in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Points
    A particular spot, place, or position in a pattern line.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Points of Measure (POM)
    A specific place on a garment to start and end a measurement.in Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Pre-Costing Tools
    A 3D software’s ability to translate design and technical details from the approved 3D rendering to create quantitative data for pre-costing purposes (i.e. pattern/material yield, material/trim costing databases, Standard Allowable Minute [SAM] calculations, etc).in 3D Transformation
  • Pre-existing Environments
    A 3D software’s pre-programmed database of backgrounds, environments, and merchandised retail fixtures, for use in presentations (backgrounds, retail space, etc.).in 3D Transformation
  • Preset
    Software that is set or adjusted beforehand to facilitate use.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Pressure Mapping
    A 3D software’s ability to replicate realistic material characteristics as it is stretched across an avatar.in 3D Transformation
  • Print
    The process of applying colour to fabric in definite patterns or designs.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)
    A software solution which manages complex data, product information and workflows from concept to delivery to the consumer.in 3D Transformation
  • Production Cycle
    A period of time in which multiples of a garment are produced in a factory setting.in The Fit Form
  • Proof of Concept (POC)
    The process of demonstrating a design concept or business proposal is feasible by means of a pilot or project.in 3D Transformation
  • Proto Request
    Request for an initial sample.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Proto Sample
    The initial sample produced from a design brief or concept.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Prototype
    The initial sample either made from a design brief or concept and based on a tech pack or selected from a vendor.in 3D Transformation, Mechanics of Fit
  • Puchase Order
    The initial commitment to buy indicating products, quantities and prices.in 3D Transformation
  • q

  • Quadrant Map
    A simple visual chart, split into four focal segments which displays the nearest point to a target on the y-axis and x-axis.in 3D Transformation
  • Quality Control
    Reviewing finished production garments to assess whether they meet the specification contract in terms of quality, colour, measurements, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Quick Turn-Around Manufacturing
    The ability to manufacture product at speed and based on consumer trends.in 3D Transformation
  • r

  • Render
    The processing of an outline image using color and shading to make it appear solid and three-dimensional.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Resolution
    The display resolution or display modes of a computer monitor or display device is the number of distinct pixels in each dimension that can be displayedin Basics in CLO 3D
  • Return on Investment (ROI)
    A financial term which measures the gain or loss generated from an investment relative to the amount of money invested.in 3D Transformation
  • Revolving
    Move in a circle on a central axis.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Robotic Manufacturing
    An industrial robot used for manufacturing, e.g. the sewbot. Industrial robots are automated, programmable and capable of movement on three or more axis.in 3D Transformation
  • Rolls
    Rolls are a demonstration of a fabric around a curved shape, as in a rolled collar.in Production in CLO 3D
  • s

  • Sail
    A piece of material extended on a mast to catch the wind and propel a boat.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Sample Iteration
    Rounds of samples created for fit/construction or design evaluation.in The Fit Form
  • Seam
    The point at which two pieces of fabric join in a garment.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Sequins
    A small, shiny disk sewn as one of many onto clothing for decoration.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Shapes
    The form or appearance of pattern pieces.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Shared Platform
    A 3D software’s ability to share information with other product creation and management software.in 3D Transformation
  • Shine
    A quality of brightness, especially from reflected light.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Sign-Off Sample
    The final sample signed off during the commercialisation process.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Silhouette
    The overall type of design and proportion of a garment.in Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Simulation
    The production of a computer model of clothing including, drape, colour, and texture.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Size Set
    A core size and set of other sizes of garments.in The Fit Form
  • Size Studies
    Studies which are conducted to determine the size, shape and stature of a given population of humans.in The Fit Form
  • Slack Form
    The slack form is best for fitting pants as it allows more height adjustment, making it easier to evaluate pants at eye level.in The Fit Form
  • Soft Body Form
    This form is made of memory foam and covered in a stretch fabric. It is more lifelike than the fibreglass form i.e. designed to simulate flesh and ideal for close fitting garments such as sportswear, skinny jeans.in The Fit Form
  • Soft Components
    Components made from pliable materials which are easily manipulated.in 3D Transformation
  • Solution-Based Thinking
    A methodology which involves thinking about the solution rather than the problem.in 3D Transformation
  • Specular
    Speculars are maps you use to define a surface's shininess and highlight color.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Standard Series Form
    A standard series form is based on either US/EU/Asia average demographics rather than customised for your particular brand and consumer.in The Fit Form
  • Standardised Parametric Avatar
    A 3D software’s pre-programmed 3D avatar.in 3D Transformation
  • Stature
    Usually refers to the natural height of a person when standing.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Stitches Per Inch (SPI)
    A unit of measure used to determine the technical specification of stitching/seaming which affects both the look and functionality of the garment.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Strengthen
    Temporarily harden patterns while simulating the 3D garment.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Style
    Are created from blocks and include all of the design elements that compose the final garment, to be sold to the consumer.in 3D Transformation, Basics in CLO 3D, Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Styling
    Design features or attributes which determine the look of garment i.e. proportion, pockets, yoke, etc.in The Fit Form
  • Super User
    An expert user of software or systems who often has responsibility for administration and training.in 3D Transformation
  • Suprasternal Notch
    The intersection of the centre of the body and the neck base.in The Fit Form
  • Swim Form
    This full torso soft form is designed specifically for fitting bras, panties/briefs and 1 and 2-pieces swimwear with a widened crotch for ease of evaluation and a specific breast material that better represent the texture of breasts than the soft form material.in The Fit Form
  • Symmetric
    Made up of exactly similar parts facing each other or around an axis.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Synchronised Pattern to Design Interface
    A 3D software’s ability to automatically translate pattern details (such as dimension, balance, sew lines, etc) to the 3D rendered garment.in 3D Transformation
  • Synchronised Sketch To Pattern Interface
    A 3D’s software’s ability to automatically translate design details (sew line, stitching, construction details) to the corresponding pattern pieces.in 3D Transformation
  • t

  • Tack to avatar
    It means that any animation will move with the avatar.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Tack to the fabric
    It means that any animation will move with the cloth attached at that point.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Tacks
    Tacks are a tool that allows you to tack or pin the fabric to the avatar or fabric.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Tech Packs
    Detailed specifications including specific measurements, block references and technical details which are issued to a vendor or supplier as a guideline for sample development.in Mechanics of Fit, Production in CLO 3D
  • Technical Approver
    The individual or team responsible for approving technical fit usually product developers or technicians.in Mechanics of Fit
  • Technical Fit
    Technical fit determines how the garment should be made including the balance, function, sizing and comfort.in Mechanics of Fit, The Fit Form
  • Technical Pinning
    Technical pinning is more instructive; it will show where and how much the garment needs to be changed. This is especially helpful if the amount to adjust is shown.in Solving Fit Problems: Women’s Tops
  • Texture
    Fabric texture is the surface quality, structure and appearance of the fabric.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Texture Mapping
    A 3D software’s ability to replicate physical material characteristics such as knit / woven texture detail (piques, dobbies, jacquards, plain weaves, etc).in 3D Transformation
  • Thigh Mark
    A hash mark on the fit form marking the placement of thigh at its fullest point on the fit form.in The Fit Form
  • Twill Tape
    A narrow fabric trim made in a diagonal herringbone weave.in The Fit Form
  • v

  • VBID Number
    VBID stands for Virtual Body IDentification Number. It is the model number for the physical and virtual Alva fit forms that are created from a single unique 3D file. The information contained in the number is a 3 letter client code, gender, size, and month & year that the file was created.in The Fit Form
  • Vendor Profile
    An overview of the vendor’s capabilities, capacity, and performance metrics.in 3D Transformation
  • Vendors
    Factories, producers or suppliers of garments.in The Fit Form
  • Vertex
    A vertex is a single point that represents a position in 3D space.in Basics in CLO 3D
  • Viewer
    Viewer or also called 'Window' is an optical device used in viewing.in Production in CLO 3D
  • Virtual Fit Form
    An exact replication of a physical fit form in a virtual environment. The virtual fit form is used to ensure the accuracy of fit in the 3D process.in 3D Transformation
  • Virtual Material Testing
    A 3D software’s ability to virtually manipulate fabric to indicate stretch, drape, torsion, shine, nap, etc.in 3D Transformation
  • Virtual Quality Standards
    A 3D software’s ability to create and manage Brand ‘standards’ for consistency and efficiency (for example: standardized logo placements, default button, snap, or zipper sizes, etc).in 3D Transformation
  • Vizoo
    Vizoo xTex is a scanner and software that scans and measures fabric for simulation in 3D.in Production in CLO 3D
  • w

  • Wearing Preference
    How the customer prefers to wear the garment which can be determined by choice, function or culture.in Mechanics of Fit
  • y

  • Yield
    The amount of fabric required to make a garment. Can also be described as consumption and is expressed in metres or yards.in Mechanics of Fit
  • z

  • Zipper
    Zipper is a commonly used device for binding the edges of an opening of fabric or other flexible material, such as on a garment or a bag.in Production in CLO 3D