- Anticipated Lifespan Design
Designing a garment with materials and methods appropriate for its expected usable life. Material selection is determined based on garment functionality and correlates specifically to its forecasted lifespan.
- Biodegradable Materials
Materials which can be broken down into simple and non-toxic substances by microorganisms, light, air, water or heat.
The practice of deliberately mimicking nature’s patterns and strategies to source design inspiration.
- Care Labels
A set of instructions integrated into the product that advises laundering options best suited for the material.
- Circular Fashion
Systems that generate the most efficient use of resources by extracting maximum value from products and materials while in use, and extending longevity through reuse at the end of a lifecycle.
The physical properties of a product to withstand the impacts of intended function and use.
- Ethical Labour
An approach which protects the rights of people working in the industry and empowers opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work, in conditions of freedom, equity, security and dignity.
- Garment Recycling
The recovery of material from existing garments, using either mechanical or chemical methods, to be reprocessed into new fibres.
- Garment Reuse
A system in which old or worn clothing is channelled back into the fashion or textile stream for redistribution and resale.
Hemp is a fibre derived from the stem of the Cannabis Sativa plant and grown for industrial use in textiles, paper and building materials, such as MDF (Medium-density Fibreboard).
- Leasing Systems
Programs designed for garments to be shared between multiple users, attempting to change the consumer's idea of ownership while mitigating individual consumption.
- Life Cycle
A life cycle is the consecutive and interlinked stages of a product (or service), from raw material or generation from natural resources to final disposal.
Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant. The long fibers used in textiles are located on the outer part of the stalk, which covers a woody core. To generate the longest possible fibers, flax is either hand-harvested by pulling up the entire plant or stalks are cut very close to the root.
- Low Chemical Materials
The cultivation of fibres with minimal chemical treatment to prevent hazardous exposure to laborers and reduce the pollution of soil and water.
- Low Energy-Use Materials
Fibres which require less fossil fuel energy in production as an environmentally and economically viable approach to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
- Low Energy Wash Garments
Garments designed with consideration to the amount of water, the temperature of the water, and the energy being used in laundering.
- Low-Impact Materials
Materials from which a product is constructed requiring lower water, energy and resources to create and manufacture.
- Low Water-Use Fibres
The conscious regulation of water expenditure as it applies to each phase of a textile’s lifecycle.
- Modular Design
Modular design is a patterned repetition of a design component, that can be independently created and used in different ways to create a design or give multifunctional enduse.
- Multifunctional Design
A garment designed to serve a multitude of enduses through the incorporation of additional features.
- No Wash
The attempt to change consumer perception of cleanliness by designing garments using textiles that never require laundering.
- Optimized Lifetime
The conscious decision to delay a product's obsolescence.
- Recyclable Fabrics
A fabric which is derived from a base material which can be recycled, repurposed or removed from the waste stream after use.
- Recycled Fabrics
Fabric made from the recycled fibre of disposed fabric which are reprocessed back to a fibre and then respun into a useable fabric.
- Repair Services
A post sale mending and alteration service that returns damaged garments back to their proper condition.
- Shared Economy
Systems that involve renting, lending, swapping, sharing, bartering or gifting of product or services.
Avoidance of the depletion of natural resources in order to maintain an ecological balance, which can encompass human health, natural resources, environment and social equity (impact on labour).
- Sustainable Design
Sustainable design seeks to reduce impacts on non-renewable resources, minimise waste and create healthy and productive environments for people in our industry.
- Sustainable Sourcing
Sustainable sourcing is the integration of social, ethical and environmental performance factors into the process of selecting suppliers, manufacturers and materials.
- Take-Back Program
A system which holds a designer or retailer accountable for their product at its end of life, including proper disposal, potential remanufacturing, reuse or recycling.
- Transparent Supply Chain
This captures the authentic and open communication of the companies, suppliers and sourcing locations in the supply chain to the end consumer and between companies in the supply chain.
A way to address the inefficiencies of the industrial fashion production model by taking damaged or discarded garments and bringing them back to usable condition through creative reconstruction.
As wool grows from the sheep’s skin, it naturally groups into staples which contain many thousands of fibres. Sheep are shorn once or twice a year using electric or manual clippers.
- Zero-Waste Design
A garment design technique that attempts to maximise the amount of fabric used and decreases waste, for example whole garment knitting, 3D printing.